Beta diversity plots of microbes in the feces of snails and from leaf surfaces. Top left shows fungi from Waikanai ranges, top right shows bacteria for the same snails. The bottom image is of snails from the Ko'olau ranges.
Snails were left to roam over the surface of a (A-i) glass slide and (B-i) an 'ōhiʻa leaf. The mucus covered surfaces were much more hydrophobic than the no-snail controls A-ii and B-ii.